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"Each regiment of artillery shall have two silken colors. The
first or the national color, of stars and stripes as described for
the garrison flag. The number and name of the regiment to be embroidered
with gold on the center stripe. The second or the regimental color,
to be yellow, of the same dimensions as the first, bearing in the
center two cannon crossing, with the letters U. S. above and the number
of the regiment below: fringe, yellow. Each color to be six feet six
inches fly, and six feet deep on the pike. The pike, including the
spear and ferrule, to be nine feet ten inches in length. Cords and
tassels, red and yellow silk intermixed."
In the artillery, the regiments were divided into batteries rather
than companies. Artillery regiments rarely fought together as regiments
but rather individual batteries were attached to infantry brigades,
or divisions or to cavalry brigades. Thus artillery batteries usually
had their own colors. This is in contrast to the infantry or cavalry
regiments in which there were regimental colors but no company colors.
Therefore, in the Illinois CW flag collection there are many flags
representing Illinois batteries. The artillery also used guidons similar
to those of the Cavalry.
Flag photos are continuously being updated
to the database.
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