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The Cavalry color or flag was called a "standard." The cavalry
used only a single flag which was a smaller version of the Regimental
flag used by the Infantry. The cavalry did not officially carry a
According to the Army regulations:
"Each regiment shall have a silken standard, and
each company a silken guidon. The standard to bear the arms of the
United States, embroidered in silk, on a blue ground, with the number
and name of the regiment, in scroll underneath the eagle. The flag
of the standard to be two feet five inches wide, and two feet three
inches on the lance, and to be edged with yellow silk fringe. The
flag of the guidon is swallow-tailed, three feet five inches from
the lance to the end of the swallow-tail; fifteen inches to the
fork of the swallow-tail, and two feet three inches on the lance.
To be half red and half white, dividing at the fork, the red above.
On the red the letters U. S. in white; and on the white, the letter
of the company in red. The lance of the standards and guidons to
be nine feet long, including spear and ferrule."
On January 18, 1862 General Order #4:
"Under instructions from the Secretary of War, dated
January 7, 1862, guidons and camp colors for the Army will be made
like the United States flag, with stars and stripes."
The cords and tassels of the the Cavalry standard were made of silk,
red and white intermixed.
In the Illinois Civil War flag collection are several national flags
reflecting the fact that most cavalry regiments carried a national
flag in addition to the "standard"or regimental flag.
Flag photos are continuously being updated
to the database.
Please check back often.